Self Esteem – References


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Baumeister, R. F., Smart, L., Boden, J. M. (1996) ‘Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: The dark side of high self-esteem’ Psychological Review 103 (1) 5–33 Scientific Research [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 5th July 2015)

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Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., Vohs, K. D. (2003) ‘Does High Self-Esteem Cause Better Performance, Interpersonal Success, Happiness, or Healthier Lifestyles?’ Psychological Science in the Public Interest 4 (1) pp.1-44 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 17th July 2015)

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Bingham, W. C. (1983) ‘Problems in the assessment of self-esteem’ International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 6 (1) pp.17-22 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 9th April 2015)

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Bushman, B. J., Baumeister, R. F. (1998) ‘Threatened egotism, narcissism, self-esteem, and direct and displaced aggression: Does self-love or self-hate lead to violence?’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75 (1) 219–229 NCBI [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 28th January 2016)

Chang, H. J., Suttikun, C. (2017) ‘The examination of psychological factors and social norms affecting body satisfaction and self-esteem for college students’ Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal 45 (4) pp.422-437 Wiley Online Library [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 14th January 2018)

Chen, S. X., Cheung, F. M., Bond, M. H., Leung, J. (2006) ‘Going beyond self-esteem to predict life satisfaction: The Chinese case’ Asian Journal of Social Psychology 9 (1) pp.24-35 Wiley Online Library [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 30th August 2015)

Coopersmith, S. (1967) The antecedents of self-esteem San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Co.

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Demo, D. H. (1985) ‘The measurement of self-esteem: Refining our methods’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48 (6) pp.1490-1502 APA PsycNET [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 6th January 2016)

Demo, D. H., Savin-Williams, R. C. (1983) ‘Early adolescent self-esteem as a function of social class: Rosenberg and Pearlin revisited’ American Journal of Sociology 88 (4) pp.763-774 The University of Chicago Press Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 11th October 2014)

Diener, E., Diener, M. (1995) ‘Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68 (4) pp.653–663 Springer Link [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 10th June 2015)

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Karatas (2011) ‘Self-Esteem and Hopelessness, and Resiliency: An Exploratory Study of Adolescents in Turkey’ International Education Studies 4 (4) pp.84-91 ResearchGate Available at: (Accessed: 19th October 2015)

Keise, I., Kate, K., Aleaxnder, F., Sedikides, C., Shibata, K. K. (2018) ‘Neural Activity in the Reward-Related Brain Regions Predicts Implicit Self-Esteem: A Novel Validity Test of Psychological Measures Using Neuroimaging’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 114 (3) pp.343-357 Ovid [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 17th December 2018)

King, K. A., Vidourek, R. A., Davis, B., & McClellan, W. (2009) ‘Increasing self-esteem and school connectedness through a multidimensional mentoring program’ Journal of School Health 72 (7) pp. 294-299 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 16th May 2014)

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