Locus of Control References

April, K. A., Dharani, B., Peters, K. (2012) ‘Impact of Locus of Control Expectancy on Level of Well-Being’ Review of European Studies 4 (2) pp. 124-137 CCSE [Online] Available at: (Accessed 3rd March 2015)

Aldwin, C. M., Gilmer, D. F. (2004) Health, Illness and Optimal Ageing SAGE Publications, Inc.

Allen, D. G., Weeks, K. P., Moffitt, K. R. (2005) ‘Turnover Intentions and Voluntary Turnover: The Moderating Roles of Self-Monitoring, Locus of Control, Proactive Personality, and Risk Aversion’ Journal of Applied Psychology 90 (5) pp. 980-990. APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 19th May 2015)

Benassi, V. A., Sweeney, P. D., Dufour, C. L. (1988) ‘Is there a relation between locus of control orientation and depression?’ Journal of Abnormal Psychology 97 (3) pp. 357–367 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 3rd December 2015)

Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., Segall, M. H., Dasen, P. R. (1992) ‘Cross-cultural Psychology: Research and Applications’ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Blanchard, E. B., Scarboro, E. M. (1973) ‘Locus of control and the prediction of voting behavior in college students’ Journal of Social Psychology 89 (1) pp. 123–129 Taylor & Francis Online [Online] Available at: (Accessed 21st July 2015)

Lewis K. S., Jennings A.M., Ward J. D., Bradley C. (1990) ‘Health belief scales developed specifically for people with tablet-treated type 2 diabetes’ Diabetic Medicine: A journal of the British Diabetic Association 7 (2) pp.148-155 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 9th August 2015)

Carlson, N. R., Miller Jr, H. L., Heth, D. S., Donahoe, J. W., Martin, N. G. (2007). Psychology: The Science of Behaviour Boston, Massachusetts: London Pearson

Chung, M. C., Preveza, E., Papandreou, K., Prevezas, N. (2006). ‘Spinal Cord Injury, Post traumatic Stress, and Locus of Control Among the Elderly: A Comparison with Young and Middle–Aged Patients’ Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes 69 (1) pp.69–80. Medscape [Online] Available at: (Accessed 16th June 2015)

Cohen, A., Vigoda, E., Samorly, A. (2001) ‘Analysis of the mediating effect of personal psychological variables on the relationship between socioeconomic status and political participation: A structural equations framework’ Political Psychology 22 (4) pp. 727–757 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 21st April 2015)

Deutchman, I. E. (1985) “Internal-External Locus of Control, power and political participation”. Psychological Reports. 57 (3): 835–843 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed 30th August 2015)

Dormann, C., Fay, D., Zapf, D., Frese, M. (2006). “A state-trait analysis of job satisfaction: On the effect of core self-evaluations” Applied Psychology: An International Review 55 (1) pp. 27–51 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 9th September 2015)

Duttweiler, P. C. (1984) The Internal Control Index: A Newly Developed Measure of Locus of Control 44 (2) pp.209-221 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed 30th September 2015)

Lefcourt, H. M., Dyal, J. A. (1984) Cross-cultural research with the locus of control construct New York: Academic Press, Inc

Erez, A., Judge, T. A. (2001) ‘Relationship of core self-evaluations to goal setting, motivation, and Performance’ Journal of Applied Psychology 86 (6) pp. 1270–1279 American Psychological Association [Online] Available at: (Accessed 12th March 2016)

Ferraro, L. A., Price, J. H., Desmond, S. M., Roberts, S. M. (1987) ‘Development of a Diabetes Locus of Control Scale’ 61 (3) pp.763-770 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed 27th July 2015)

Furnham, A., Steele, H. (1993). ‘Measuring locus of control: A critique of general, children’s, health- and work-related locus of control questionnaires’ British Journal of Psychology 84 (4) pp. 443–479 Wiley Online Library [Online] Available at: (Accessed 4th June 2016)

Gatz, M., Karel, M. J. (1993) ‘Individual Change in Perceived Control over 20 Years’ International Journal of Behavioral Development 16 (2) pp.305-322 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed 12th March 2015)

Gootnick, A. T. (1974). ‘Locus of control and political participation of college students: A comparison of unidimensional and multidimensional approaches’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 42 (1) pp. 54–58 American Psychological Association [Online] Available at: (Accessed 17th February 2015)

Heckhausen, J., Schulz, R. (1995) ‘A life-span theory of control’ Psychological Review 102 (2) pp. 284-304 American Psychological Association [Online] Available at: (Accessed 20th August 2015)

Lefcourt, H. M. (1982) Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Hock, R. R. (2013) Forty Studies that Changed Psychology Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education

Knott, C. L., Clark, E. M., Kreuter, M. W., Rubio, D. M. (2003) ‘Spiritual health locus of control and breast cancer beliefs among urban African American women’ Health Psychology 22 (3) pp.294–299 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 7th June 2015)

Jacobs-Lawson, J. M., Waddell, E. L., Webb, A. K. (2011) ‘Predictors of Health Locus of Control in Older Adults’ Current Psychology 30 (2) pp.173–183 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 20th October 2015)

Johansson, B., Grant, J. D., Plomin, R., Pedersen, N. L., Ahern, F., Berg, S., McClearn, G. E. (2001) ‘Health locus of control in late life: A study of genetic and environmental influences in twins aged 80 years and older’ Health Psychology 20 (1) pp.33–40 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 28th October 2015)

Judge, T. A., Locke, E. A., Durham, C. C. (1997) ‘The dispositional causes of job satisfaction: A core evaluations approach’ Research in Organizational Behavior 19: pp.151–188 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 4th July 2016)

Judge, T. A., Erez, A., Bono, J. E., Thoresen, Carl J (2002) ‘Are measures of self-esteem, neuroticism, locus of control, and generalized self-efficacy indicators of a common core construct?’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83 (3) pp.693–710 NCBI [Online] Available at: (Accessed 20th June 2015)

Kahoe, Richard D (1974) ‘Personality and achievement correlates of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 29 (6) pp.812–818.

Kumar, S.A., Pothukuchi, B, R. (2015) ‘Relationship between Self-esteem and Locus of control among adolescent students in Bangalore’ International Journal of Management and Behavioral Science (IJMBS) 5 (1) Academia [Online] Available at: (Accessed 3rd January 2016)

Ghulam, M., Kundi, G. M., Khan, M. S., Qureshi, Q. A. (2014) ‘An Analysis of the Locus of Control of the Public Administrators in Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan’ International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 4 (2) pp.426-439 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 20th July 2015)

Laverghetta, A. ‘The Relationship between the Big 5 Personality factors, Locus of Control, and Political Ideology’ Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Research Day, Cameron University, Lawton, Nov 04, 2011.

Lefcourt, H. M. (1976) ‘Locus of control and the response to aversive events’ Canadian Psychological Review/Psychologie canadienne 17 (3) 202-209 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 18th July 2015)

April, K., Dharani, B., Peters, K.(2012) ‘Impact of Locus of Control Expectancy on Level of Well-Being’ Review of European Studies 4 (2) pp.124-137 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 9th June 2015)

Lefcourt, H. M. (1982) Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Lefcourt, H. M. (1991). Locus of control. In Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., Wrightsman, L. S. (Eds.), Measures of social psychological attitudes, Vol. 1. Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes (pp. 413-499). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press

Leveson, H. (1973) ‘Activism and Powerful Others: Distinctions within the concept of Internal-External Control’ Journal of Personality Assessment 38 (4) pp.377-383 Taylor & Francis Online [Online] Available at: (Accessed 22nd August 2015)

Maltby, J., Day, L., Macaskill, A. (2007) Personality, Individual Differences and Intelligence. Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Martin, B. A. S., Veer, E., Pervan, S. J. (2007) ‘Self-referencing and consumer evaluations of larger-sized female models: A weight locus of control perspective’ Marketing Letters 18 (3) pp.197–209 SpringerLink [Online] Available at: (Accessed 16th March 2015)

Mearns, J. (2000-2011) webcitation [Online] Available at: (Accessed 29th May 2015)

Meyerhoff, Michael K (2004) ‘Locus of Control’ Pediatrics for Parents 21 (10) pp.8 EBSCO Host [Online] Available at:

Mischel, W., Zeiss, R., Zeiss, A. (1974) ‘Internal-external control and persistence: Validation and implications of the Stanford Preschool Internal-External Scale’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 29 (2) pp.265-278 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 29th January 2015)

Norman, P., Bennett, P. (1995) ‘Health Locus of Control’ In Conner, M., Norman, P. Predicting Health Behaviour. Buckingham: Open University Press. pp. 62–94

Norton, A. (2008) reuters [Online] Available at: (Accessed 19th October 2015)

Nowicki S., Strickland, B. R. (1973) ‘A locus of control scale for children’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 40 (1) pp.148-154. APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 2nd November 2015)

Reid, I., Croucher, A. (1980) ‘The Crandall Intellectual Achievement Responsibility Questionnaire: a British Validation Study’ Educational and Psychological Measurement 40 (1) pp.255-258 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 10th June 2015)

Roddenberry, A., Renk, K. (2010) ‘Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy: Potential Mediators of Stress, Illness, and Utilization of Health Services in College Students’ Child Psychiatry & Human Development 41 (4) pp.353–370 SpringerLink [Online] Available at: (Accessed 31st May 2015)

Rotter, J. B. (1966) ‘Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement’ Psychological Monographs: General and Applied 80 (1) pp.1–28 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 9th March 2015)

Rotter, J. B. (1975) ‘Some problems and misconceptions related to the construct of internal versus external control of reinforcement’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 43 (1) pp.56–67 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 15th June 2015)

Ryckman, R. M., Malikosi, M. X. (1975) ‘Relationship between Locus of Control and Chronological Age’ Psychological Reports 36 (2) pp.655-658 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed 29th August 2015)

Salmani Nodoushan, M. A. (2012) ‘The impact of locus of control on language achievement’ International Journal of Language Studies 6 (2) pp.123–36 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 13th August 2015)

Saltzer, E. B. (1982) ‘The Weight Locus of Control (WLOC) scale: A specific measure for obesity research’ Journal of Personality Assessment 46 (6) pp.620-628 NCBI [Online] Available at: (Accessed 11th November 2015)

Scotland, S., Zuroff, D. C. (1990) ‘A New Measure of Weight Locus of Control: The Dieting Beliefs Scale’ (PDF) Journal of Personality Assessment 54 (1-2) pp.191-203 pdfs.semanticscholar [Online] Available at: (Accessed 12th June 2015)

Schultz, D.P., Schultz, S.E. (2005) Theories of Personality (8th edn.)Wadsworth: Thomson

Sherer, M., Maddux, J., Mercandante, B., Prentice-Dunn, S. (1982) ‘The Self-Efficacy Scale: Construction and Validation’ Psychological Reports 51 (2) pp.663-671 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 26th October 2015)

Sherer, M., Maddux, J. E. Mercandante, B., Prentice-Dunn, S., Jacobs, B., Rogers, R. W. (2016) ‘The Self-Efficacy Scale: Construction and Validation’ Psychological Reports 51 (2) pp.663–671 Sage Journals [Online] Available at: (Accessed 1st August 2017)

Siegle, D. (2000) nrcgt [Online] Available at: (Accessed 14th July 2015)

Shiraev, E., Levy, D. (2004) Cross-cultural Psychology: Critical Thinking and Contemporary Applications (2nd ed.) Boston: Pearson

Sims, J., Baumann, D. (1972) ‘The tornado threat: Coping styles in the North and South’ Science 176 (4042) pp.1386–1392 Science [Online] Available at: (Accessed 9th October 2015)

Smith, R. E., (1989) ‘Effects of coping skills training on generalized self-efficacy and locus of control’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56 (2) pp.228–233 APA PsycNet [Online] Available at: (Accessed 19th April 2015)

Strickland, Haley (1980) ‘Sex Differences on the Rotter I-E Scale’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39 (5) pp.930-939 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 14th June 2015)

Takaki, J., Yano, E. (2006) ‘Possible Gender Differences in the Relationships of Self-efficacy and the Internal Locus of Control with Compliance in Hemodialysis Patients’ Behavioral Medicine 32 (1) pp.5–11. Taylor & Francis Online [Online] Available at: (Accessed 4th March 2015)

Wallston, K. A., Wallston, B. S., DeVellis, R. F. (1976) ‘Development of Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) Scale’ Health Education Monographs 6 (2) pp.160-170 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 2nd June 2015)

Wallston, B. S., Wallston, K. A., Kaplan, G. D.., Maides, S. A. (1976) ‘Development and validation of the Health Locus of Control (HLC) Scale’ Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 44 (4) pp.580-585 NCBI [Online] Available at: (Accessed 20th October 2015)

Weiner, B. (1974) Achievement Motivation and Attribution Theory NY: General Learning Press.

Weiner, B. (1980) Human Motivation New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston

Weiss, G., Larsen, D. (1990) ‘Health value, health locus of control, and the prediction of health protective behaviors’ Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal 18 (1) pp.121-136 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 9th July 2015)

Whitman, L., Desmond, S. M., Price, J. H. (1987) ‘Development of a Depression Locus of Control Scale’ Psychological Reports 60 (2) pp.583-589 ResearchGate [Online] Available at: (Accessed 10th June 2015)

Whyte, C. B. (1977) ‘High-risk college freshman and locus of control’ The Humanist Educator 16 (1) pp.2–5 Wiley Online Library [Online] Available at: (Accessed 25th August 2015)

Whyte, C. (1978) ‘Effective Counseling Methods for High-Risk College Freshmen’ Measurement and Evaluation in Guidance 6 (4) pp.198–200 Taylor & Francis Online [Online] Available at: (Accessed 20th February 2015)

Whyte, C. (1980) ‘An Integrated Counseling and Learning Assistance Center’ New Directions Sourcebook-Learning Assistance Centers. Jossey-Bass, Inc.

Wood, W. D., Letak, J. K. (1982) ‘A mental-health locus of control scale’ Personality and Individual Differences 3 (1) pp.84-87 ScienceDirect [Online] Available at: (Accessed 18th May 2015)

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